Local self-government is one of the forms of grassroots democracy provided for in the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The Constitution also strongly emphasizes that it is a separate tier of authority, independent from the state and carrying out its activities. However, we should not forget that the public authority of the Russian Federation is a single entity. For that reason, even independent tiers of authority perform their activities in cooperation with each other. Optimizing the interaction between state and municipal authorities is one of the most important tasks to be resolved within the framework of ongoing administrative reform.
1. Federal Law "On the general principles of the organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation"
One of the stages of administrative reform was the adoption of the new Federal Law "On the general principles of the organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation", intended to replace the current Law of 1995. The goals of this stage are ensuring the political and economic independence of municipal authorities in the resolution of local issues, increasing the responsibility of the officials and local self-government authorities for the proper exercise of powers within their competence, and strengthening government control over law and order and respect for citizens' rights and freedoms. For this purpose, an attempt was made to greatly modify the existing territorial organization of local self-government, clearly delineate the powers and jurisdiction between entities of the Russian Federation and municipalities (as well as distribute powers inside the system of local self-government), create grounds for legal regulation of the relations within the framework of public funding for expenditure powers of local self-government authorities and separate public powers exercised by local self-government authorities.
The new Federal Law significantly changes the ...