Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Education
On December 10, 1948, when the United Nations General Assembly adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), it called upon member-states to publicize the declaration and for it to be disseminated, displayed, and read in schools and other educational institutions in all member-states. From the beginning, the UDHR was seen as an educational tool, and it was also quickly recognized as a campaigning tool to secure justice, freedom, and peace in the world. It is comprised of a preamble and 30 articles. The UDHR confirms the universal right not only to education but also to human rights education. Human rights education is essentially about learning to live together in contexts of diversity at all scales from the local to the global. It is concerned with developing solidarities across differences with the aim of realizing dignity, justice and recognition for all, and particularly for the oppressed. It recognizes diversity as a central feature of our humanity and demands political and educational frameworks that respect the equal dignity of all people.
Obligations on Governments
The UN acknowledged the school as central in guaranteeing, protecting, and promoting human rights, recognizing that the effective protection and promotion of human rights depend on knowledge and understanding of these rights. A right is not a right unless each individual, as a rights holder, is aware of his or her rights. Governments have a responsibility to ensure that their populations are familiar with human rights. The preamble to the UDHR observes that "Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms [noting that]a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge".
With the pr...