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Literature and Elements of Parody

3 Pages 808 Words July 2018

Parody is a work which imitates an original one to create a comic effect. The parody’s tool is irony. Therefore, parody is a satirical imitation of a serious work, generally known to the public, whose intention is to emphasize comically the most characteristic elements of an author’s work. Thus, parody may be called a critical act which creates satirical or comic effects.

1. Parody is present in Tom Stoppard’s play “Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern is dead,” being a parody of the famous play “Hamlet” by Shakespeare. In “Hamlet” (Shakespeare's play) there are two guys, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, who are colleagues of school and theoretically friends with Hamlet. Now, as it is known, so many people die in that piece so that in the end the only man available to take over the throne is the monarch of the neighboring country who was in transit and had no plans to conquer Denmark. It is not surprising that the friendship with Hamlet is fatal to R & G. In Shakespeare's play, the two come to visit Hamlet, and they are convinced by King Claudius to spy on his friend and then go with him to England. The king Claudius gives them a letter for the king, but Hamlet discovers that the letter is a condemnation of death and commands their execution.
In the absurd tragicomedy of Tom Stoppard, "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead," the two are some confused characters who do not know exactly what world they are living in, and they do not know exactly which one of them is. They do not remember their past, because they did not exist before they were called to the castle. Along the play, they try to figure out who they are and what they are doing - and Hamlet's narrative thread continues next to them, usually in their absence, letting them talk about death, life, theatre and all kinds of other topics, their dialogues being even funny. Even though they become protagonists in Stoppard’s play while in Hamlet they were just marginal chara...

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